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In the meantime, several laws were promoted to open schools, notably for girls. However, some areas such as the industrial region around Saint-Nazaire and Lorient and the surroundings of Tréguier are traditional Socialist and Communist strongholds. However, the Neolithic Revolution in Brittany did not happen due to a radical change of population, but by slow immigration and exchange of skills.[17]. Dinan is an impossibly pretty picture-postcard town. The Pink Granite Coast. The Breton peninsula appeared during the Cadomian Orogeny, which formed its northern coastline, between Guingamp and Fougères. The dukes mostly lived in Nantes, Vannes, Redon, Rennes, Fougères, Dol-de-Bretagne, Dinan and Guérande. [56] The population in Region Brittany had grown by 0.9% between 1999 and 2000, and the growth rate reached more than 1% in Ille-et-Vilaine and Morbihan. Loire-Atlantique has two major cities, Nantes, with 309,346 inhabitants and an urban area encompassing 972,828, and Saint-Nazaire, with 69,993 inhabitants. In total, around 800 islands lie off the mainland; the largest being Belle Île, in the south. 102 m², 3 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms, pets are allowed (max. Both historians describe Riothamus's losing battle against King Euric of the Visigoths at Déols around the year 470. [46] In response, the Diwan schools were founded in 1977 to teach Breton by immersion. Concarneau might be the third most important fishing port in France but it’s also a magnet for visitors with a walled medieval village on a rocky island, a great Friday market, fishing museum, and Breton festivals. In the mid 20th century the idea of reviving the Breton language and keeping the culture alive became a real issue, partly as a result of World War II which brought particular destruction to Brest, Lorient, and St-Nazaire. As in other French regions, formal education before the 19th century was the preserve of the elite. Gouren, a style of folk wrestling, is the most popular Breton sport. [57] Brittany is also characterised by a great number of small towns, such as Vitré, Concarneau, Morlaix or Auray. Along the north coast, west of Normandy’s Mont St-Michel, stand some of Brittany’s finest old towns. The Museum of Fine Arts Pont-Aven is dedicated to the School of Pont-Aven. River fish of note include trout, Atlantic salmon, pikes, shades and lampreys. [12] Another name, Letauia (in English "Litavis"), was used until the 12th century. The Boule bretonne is related to pétanque. The crêpes, made and served with butter, are eaten for dessert and the galettes are usually salty and made with buckwheat. The free peasants lived in small huts, whereas the landowners and their employees lived in proper villae rusticae. ", "Les plantes à fleur menacées en Bretagne", «La Lente Mise en Place des Universités Bretonnes», "En Bretagne, l'enseignement privé se rebiffe", "L'économie bretonne|éditor=Region Bretagne", "20 of the most beautiful villages in France", "La Bretagne a un taux de chômage faible, mais qui ne profite pas assez aux seniors", "Loire-Atlantique – Pays De Loire (44)", "Comparateur de territoire: Région de Bretagne (53), Département de la Loire-Atlantique (44)", Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2017, "La bonne santé de la démographie bretonne|date3 January 2011", "La démographie de la Bretagne depuis 1851", "Démographie – Population sans doubles comptes au recensement : Loire-Atlantique (série rétropolée 1851–1962) – série arrêtée", "Les Bretons, les habitants de Loire-Atlantique et la question régionale", Données clés sur Breton, Ofis ar Brezhoneg, "Langue bretonne et autres langues : pratique et transmission", "Pratiques et représentations de la langue et de la culture régionales en Haute Bretagne", "Éléments d'analyse géographique de l'implantation des religions en France", "Le Cidre â€“ Mediaoueg, Ar Vediaoueg â€“ La Médiathèque", "La Bretagne à vélo : Près de 1500 km d'itinéraires vélos ! Cobbled alleys inside the walls around the cathedral have half-timbered houses; Place Henri-IV is lovely. Brittany lost 240,000 men during the First World War. Charles VIII of France besieged Rennes and had the marriage cancelled. Street art and performance in some very unusual places.Â, Quimper offers the Festival La Cournouaille, founded in 1923. Every 2 years, Douarnenez fills up with hundreds of traditional sailing ships from around the world at the Temps Fete Festival. They replaced or absorbed the Neanderthals and developed local industries, similar to the Châtelperronian or to the Magdalenian. The weather is generally milder on the seacoast than inland but rainfall occurs with the same intensity on both. The Bretons won another war in 867, and the kingdom reached then its maximum extent: It received parts of Normandy, Maine and Anjou and the Channel Islands. The Gulf of Morbihan is a vast natural harbour with some forty islands that is almost a closed sea. Famously, signs in schools read: "It is forbidden to speak Breton and to spit on the floor" ("Il est interdit de parler Breton et de cracher par terre").[31]. Although the details remain confused, these colonies consisted of related and intermarried dynasties which repeatedly unified (as by the 7th-century Saint Judicaël) before splintering again according to Celtic inheritance practices. [80] Since the 1920s, the flag has become very popular and it is flown from a large number of institutions. You can see their work in the recently renovated Museum of Pont-Aven.Â, If you're on a seaside holiday, take the chance to go out to some of the many islands dotted around the Brittany coast. At the same time, the Celtic Revival led to the foundation of the Breton Regionalist Union (URB) and later to independence movements linked to Irish, Welsh, and Scottish independence parties in the UK, and to pan-Celticism. See More It also showed that Breton identity is stronger among people younger than 35. Most of these birds breed on isolated islands and rocks and thus are hard to observe. [75] More than 10,000 km of motorways were built, permitting Breton road transport to multiply by four. The highest hill in Brittany is the Roc'h Ruz in the Monts d'Arrée, at 385 m (1,263 ft). The leading artists of that period were the designer René-Yves Creston, the illustrators Jeanne Malivel and Xavier Haas, and the sculptors Raffig Tullou, Francis Renaud, Georges Robin, Joseph Savina, Jules-Charles Le Bozec and Jean Fréour. 2), satellite TV, Complete Wifi coverage, washing machine, dishwasher, non-smoking property, sandy beach approx. A trip out to the gorgeous islands surrounding the Brittany coast is a must.Â, Rennes celebrates with the unique Les Tombées de la Nuit (Nightfall) in July. It was the seventh richest region in France and it produced 4.4% of the national GDP. In 460 Celts arrived from Britain, driven out by the Anglos and Saxons. These help form routes such as 'Vélodyssée' from Roscoff to Nantes and several major routes under the 'V' label (following signs V1, V2 etc.). The Montforts won in 1364 and enjoyed a period of total independence until the end of the Hundred Years' War, because France was weakened and stopped sending royal envoys to the Court of Brittany. The temperature difference between summer and winter is about fifteen degrees, but it varies depending on the proximity of the sea. The Breton subsoil is characterised by a huge amount of fractures that form a large aquifer containing several millions square meters of water. Brittany is the second French region for telecommunication and the fifth for electronics, two activities mainly developed in Rennes, Lannion and Brest. , grated cheese, sausages, bacon, mushrooms or eggs more rainfall than the rest of France 's growing. 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